Blood Pressure- Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Blood pressure is often referred to as the silent indicator of health. While many of us may not pay much attention to it on a daily basis, maintaining a healthy blood pressure level is crucial for overall well-being. In this blog post, we’ll delve into what blood pressure is, why it matters, and how to keep it in check. We are going to discuss about Blood Pressure- Causes, Symptoms and Treatment. To know more visit

What is Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure is the force exerted by blood against the walls of the arteries as it flows through them. It is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and consists of 2 numbers: systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure represents the force when the heart beats, while diastolic pressure represents the force when the heart rests between beats. For example, a blood pressure reading of “120/80 mmHg” means a systolic pressure of 120 and a diastolic pressure of 80.

Blood Pressure
Blood Pressure

Why Does Blood Pressure Matter?

Maintaining a healthy blood pressure is vital because high pressure, also known as hypertension, can lead to serious health complications. Hypertension puts extra strain on the heart and blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and other health problems. What makes hypertension particularly dangerous is that it often has no symptoms, earning it the nickname “the silent killer.” Regular monitoring and management of blood pressures are essential for preventing these complications. Blood Pressure- Causes

How to Keep Blood Pressure in Check:

Fortunately, there are several lifestyle changes and habits that can help keep pressure within a healthy range: Blood Pressure- Causes

Maintain a Healthy Diet

  • Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins can help lower blood pressure. Limiting sodium (salt) intake and avoiding processed and fatty foods can also be beneficial. Blood Pressure- Causes

Exercise Regularly

  • Regular physical activity is crucial for managing blood pressures. Aim for at least 140 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise per week. Activities such as walking, swimming, cycling, and strength training can all contribute to better cardiovascular health. Blood Pressure- Causes

Manage Stress

  • Finding healthy ways to manage stress, such as practicing relaxation techniques, mindfulness, yoga, or engaging in hobbies, can help lower pressure levels.
    Limit Alcohol and Avoid Smoking: Excessive alcohol consumption and smoking can raise blood pressures and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Limit alcohol intake to moderate levels and avoid smoking altogether.

Monitor Blood Pressure Regularly

  • Regular blood pressure checks are essential for early detection and management of hypertension. Home blood pressure monitors are readily available and can be used to track blood pressure between doctor’s visits. Blood Pressure- Causes


Certainly! Let’s explore some of the primary causes of high blood pressures, also known as hypertension: Blood Pressure- Causes

Unhealthy Diet

  • Consuming a diet high in sodium (salt), saturated fats, cholesterol, and processed foods can contribute to high blood pressure. Excessive salt intake can lead to fluid retention and increased blood volume, putting pressure on the arteries.

Lack of Physical Activity

  • Sedentary lifestyles can lead to weight gain and poor cardiovascular health, both of which are risk factors for hypertension. Regular exercise helps strengthen the heart and improve blood circulation, lowering blood pressures in the process.


  • Being overweight and obese increases the risk of hypertension. Excess body fat can lead to insulin resistance, which in turn can raise blood pressures. Additionally, obesity is often associated with other risk factors such as high cholesterol and diabetes, further increasing the likelihood of hypertension.


  • Tobacco smoke contains chemicals that can damage blood vessels and narrow arteries, leading to increased blood pressure. Smoking also reduces the oxygen supply to tissues, putting additional strain on the heart.

Excessive Alcohol Consumption

  • Drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure over time. Alcohol stimulates the release of certain hormones that constrict blood vessels and elevate blood pressures. Additionally, excessive alcohol intake can lead to weight gain and liver damage, further exacerbating hypertension. Blood Pressure- Causes

Chronic Stress

  • Prolonged stress can activate the body’s “fight or flight” response, leading to the release of stress hormones like adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones temporarily increase it, but chronic stress can keep blood pressures elevated over time. Blood Pressure- Causes


  • Family history plays a significant role in determining an individual risk of developing hypertension. If you have close relatives with high blood pressures, you can be genetically predisposed to the condition. Blood Pressure- Causes


  • It tends to increase with age due to the natural stiffening and narrowing of arteries. As people get older, the risk of hypertension rises, particularly if other risk factors are present.

Chronic Conditions

  • Certain medical conditions such as kidney disease, diabetes, thyroid disorders, and sleep apnea can contribute to high pressure. Treating these underlying conditions is essential for managing hypertension effectively.


  • Some medications, such as oral contraceptives, decongestants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and certain antidepressants, can raise blood pressures as a side effect. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional if you suspect that your medications may be contributing to hypertension.


High blood pressures, also known as hypertension, is often referred to as the “silent killer” because it typically doesn’t cause noticeable symptoms until it reaches severe or life-threatening levels. However, in some cases, individuals may experience certain signs and symptoms related to hypertension, especially when blood pressure is extremely high or when it leads to complications. Blood Pressure- Causes


  • Severe headaches, particularly at the back of the head, can sometimes occur with high pressure. However, headaches are a nonspecific symptom and can be caused by various factors.

Vision Changes

  • Blurred or double vision, visual disturbances, or even vision loss can occur in hypertensive emergencies, where pressure is severely elevated and affecting blood flow to the eyes.

Chest Pain

  • Chest pain or tightness, known as angina, can occur when high pressure leads to coronary artery disease or heart failure. It’s important to differentiate chest pain due to hypertension from that of a heart attack.

Shortness of Breath

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath can occur with heart failure, a complication of long-standing uncontrolled high pressure. Fluid buildup in the lungs can lead to breathlessness.

Dizziness or Lightheadedness

  • Feeling dizzy, lightheaded, and faint can occur when blood pressure drops suddenly or when there’s insufficient blood flow to the brain due to hypertension.

Nausea or Vomiting

  • Nausea, vomiting, and general feelings of malaise can occur in hypertensive emergencies, which require immediate medical attention.


  • While nosebleeds are commonly associated with high blood pressures, they’re not typically a reliable indicator of hypertension. However, extremely high pressure can sometimes cause nosebleeds.

Irregular Heartbeat (Arrhythmia)

  • In some cases, high pressure can lead to irregular heart rhythms, palpitations, or a sensation of fluttering in the chest.
  • Additionally, many people with hypertension may not experience any symptoms at all, underscoring the importance of regular blood pressures screenings.

Since hypertension often develops gradually over time, routine blood pressures checks are crucial for early detection and management. If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, especially if they’re severe or sudden, it’s essential to seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications associated with high blood pressures.

Treatment of Blood Pressure

The treatment of high blood pressures, or hypertension, typically involves a combination of lifestyle modifications and medication. The goal of treatment is to lower blood pressures to a level that reduces the risk of complications such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney damage. Here’s an overview of the various approaches to managing blood pressures:

Lifestyle Modifications

  • Healthy Diet: Adopting a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains & low-fat dairy products can help lower blood pressures. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, which emphasizes fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy while reducing sodium intake, has been shown to be particularly effective.
  • Reduced Sodium Intake: Limiting salt (sodium chloride) intake is essential for managing hypertension. Consuming less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day (or even lower, depending on individual circumstances) can help lower blood pressures.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular aerobic exercise, walking, swimming and cycling, for at least 150 minutes per week can help lower blood pressures. Strength training exercises can also be beneficial.
  • Limiting Alcohol and Avoiding Tobacco: Limiting alcohol consumption to moderate levels (no more than one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men) and avoiding tobacco products are essential for managing blood pressures.


  • Diuretics: These medications help the body get rid of excess sodium and water, reducing blood volume and thus lowering pressure. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs): These medications relax blood vessels, making it easier for blood to flow, and can also help protect the kidneys.
  • Calcium Channel Blockers: These medications relax blood vessels by blocking calcium from entering cells, leading to lower blood pressures.
  • Regular Monitoring and Follow-up: Regular blood pressure checks are essential for monitoring the effectiveness of treatment and making adjustments as needed. Follow-up appointments with a healthcare provider are necessary to assess overall health and medication management.
  • Stress Management and Relaxation Techniques: Chronic stress can contribute to high blood pressures, so practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, yoga, or tai chi can help manage stress and lower blood pressures.
  • Complementary and Alternative Therapies: Some people find complementary approaches such as acupuncture, biofeedback, or certain herbal supplements helpful in managing blood pressures. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before trying any alternative therapies, as they may interact with medications or have adverse effects.

It’s important to note that treatment for hypertension should be individualized based on factors such as age, overall health, presence of other medical conditions, and medication tolerance. A healthcare provider can help develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses the specific needs and preferences of each individual. Consistency in implementing lifestyle modifications and adherence to medication regimens are key to effectively managing high blood pressures and reducing the risk of associated complications.

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